The Annals of Regional Science

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 721–738 | Cite as

The geography of collaborative knowledge production in Europe

  • Jarno HoekmanEmail author
  • Koen Frenken
  • Frank van Oort
Open Access
Special Issue Paper


We analyse inter-regional research collaboration as measured by scientific publications and patents with multiple addresses, covering 1316 NUTS3 regions in 29 European countries. The estimates of gravity equations show the effects of geographical and institutional distance on research collaboration. We also find evidence for the existence of elite structures between excellence regions and between capital regions. The results suggest that current EU science policy to stimulate research collaboration is legitimate, but doubt the compatibility between EU science policy and EU cohesion policy.

JEL Classification

R10 R12 



We thank the Netherlands Institute for Spatial Research (RPB) for financial support, Hans van Amsterdam, Stephaan DeClerck and Joep van Vliet for their research assistance, and Martijn Burger, Harry Garretsen, Gaston Heimeriks, Mario Maggioni, Roderik Ponds, Gusta Renes, Jan Schuur, Erika Uberti, Eleftheria Vasileiadou and two anonymous referees for helpful comments. All errors remain ours.

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urban and Regional Research Centre Utrecht (URU)Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Netherlands Institute for Spatial Research (RPB)The HagueThe Netherlands

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