Skip to main content
Log in

Choice of intra-articular injection in treatment of knee osteoarthritis: platelet-rich plasma, hyaluronic acid or ozone options

  • Knee
  • Published:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy Aims and scope

Abstract

Purpose

This study was performed to compare the efficacy of treatment in three groups of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) given an intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), hyaluronic acid (HA) or ozone gas.

Methods

A total of 102 patients with mild–moderate and moderate knee OA who presented at the polyclinic with at least a 1-year history of knee pain and VAS score ≥4 were randomly separated into three groups. Group 1 (PRP group) received intra-articular injection of PRP × 2 doses, Group 2 (HA group) received a single dose of HA, and Group 3 (Ozone group) received ozone × four doses. Weight-bearing anteroposterior–lateral and Merchant’s radiographs of both knees were evaluated. WOMAC and VAS scores were applied to all patients on first presentation and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months.

Results

At the end of the 1st month after injection, significant improvements were seen in all groups. In the 3rd month, the improvements in WOMAC and VAS scores were similar in Groups 1 and 2, while those in Group 3 were lower (p < 0.001). At the 6th month, while the clinical efficacies of PRP and HA were similar and continued, the clinical effect of ozone had disappeared (p < 0.001). At the end of the 12th month, PRP was determined to be both statistically and clinically superior to HA (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

In the treatment of mild–moderate knee OA, PRP was more successful than HA and ozone injections, as the application alone was sufficient to provide at least 12 months of pain-free daily living activities.

Level of evidence

Therapeutic study, Level I.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Abate M, Verna S, Schiavone C, Di Gregorio P, Salini V (2015) Efficacy and safety profile of a compound composed of platelet-rich plasma and hyaluronic acid in the treatment for knee osteoarthritis (preliminary results. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 25(8):1321–1326

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Adams ME, Atkinson MH, Lussier AJ et al (1995) The role of viscosupplementation with hylan G-F 20 in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: a Canadian multicenter trial comparing hylan G-F 20 alone, hylan G-F 20 with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and NSAIDs alone. Osteoarthr Cartil 3(4):213–225

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Al-Jaziri AA, Mahmoodi SM (2008) Painkilling effect of ozone-oxygen injection on spine and joint osteoarthritis. Saudi Med J 29(4):553–557

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Anitua E, Sánchez M, Orive G (2010) Potential of endogenous regenerative technology for in situ regenerative medicine. Adv Drug Deliv Rev 62(7–8):741–752

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Balazs EA, Denlinger JL (1993) Viscosupplementation: a new concept in the treatment of osteoarthritis. J Rhematol Suppl 39:3–9

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Balazs EA (2003) Analgesic effect of elastoviscous hyaluronan solutions and the treatment of arthritic pain. Cells Tissues Organs 174(1–2):49–62

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Bellamy N, Buchanan WW, Goldsmith CH et al (1988) Validation study of WOMAC: a health status instrument for measuring clinically important patient relevant outcomes to antirheumatic drug therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. J Rheumatol 15:1833–1840

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Bellamy N, Campbell J, Robinson V et al (2006) Viscosupplementation for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Cochrane Libr 19(2):CD005321

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bernstein J, Hou SM, Wang CT (2004) Therapeutic effects of hyaluronic acid on osteoarthritis of the knee. S.-M. Hou and C.-T. Wang reply. J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:2567

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Bocci V, Valacci G, Gorradeschi F et al (1998) Studies on the biological effects of ozone. Effects of the total antioxidant status and on interlukin-8 production. Mediat Inflamm 7:313–317

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Busija L, Bridgett L, Williams SR et al (2010) Osteoarthritis. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 24:757–768

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Cardoso CC et al (2000) Action of ozonized water in preclinical inflammatory models. Pharmacol Res 42(1):51–54

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Cerza F, Carnì S, Carcangiu A et al (2012) Comparison between hyaluronic acid and platelet-rich plasma, intra-articular infiltration in the treatment of gonarthrosis. Am J Sports Med 40:2822–2827

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. Chang KV, Hung CY, Aliwarga F et al (2014) Comparative effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma injections for treating knee joint cartilage degenerative pathology: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 95(3):562–575

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Filardo G, Kon E, Buda R et al (2011) Platelet-rich plasma intra-articular knee injections for the treatment of degenerative cartilage lesions and osteoarthritis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 19:528–535

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. Filardo G, Kon E, Di Martino A et al (2012) Platelet-rich plasma vs hyaluronic acid to treat knee degenerative pathology: study design and preliminary results of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 23(13):229

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Filardo G, Di Matteo B, Di Martino A et al (2015) Platelet-rich plasma intra-articular knee injections show no superiority versus viscosupplementation: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Sports Med 43(7):1575–1582

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Filardo G et al (2015) Platelet-rich plasma: why intra-articular? A systematic review of preclinical studies and clinical evidence on PRP for joint degeneration. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 23(9):2459–2474

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  19. Gobbi A, Lad D, Karnatzikos G (2015) The effects of repeated intra-articular PRP injections on clinical outcomes of early osteoarthritis of the knee. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 23(8):2170–2177

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. Görmeli G, Görmeli CA, Ataoglu B et al (2015) Multiple PRP injections are more effective than single injections and hyaluronic acid in knees with early osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. doi:10.1007/s00167-015-3705-6

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. Hammesfahr JF, Knopf AB, Stitik T (2003) Safety of intra-articular hyaluronates for pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. Am J Orthop 32(6):277–283

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Kanchanatawan W, Arirachakaran A, Chaijenkij K et al (2015) Short-term outcomes of platelet-rich plasma injection for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. doi:10.1007/s00167-015-3784-4

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. Kellgren JH, Lawrence JS (1957) Radiological assessment of osteoarthrosis. Ann Rheumatol Dis 16:494–502

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Kon E, Mandelbaum B, Buda R, Filardo G et al (2011) Plateletrich plasma intra-articular injection versus hyaluronic acid viscosupplementation as treatments for cartilage pathology: from early degeneration to osteoarthritis. Arthroscopy 27:1490–1501

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  25. Mishra SK, Pramanik R, Das P et al (2011) Role of intra-articular ozone in osteo-arthritis of knee for functional and symptomatic improvement. Ind J Phys Med Rehabilit 22(2):65–69

    Google Scholar 

  26. Nakazawa F, Matsuno H, Yudoh K et al (2002) Corticosteroid treatment induces chondrocyte apoptosis in an experimental arthritis model and in chondrocyte cultures. Clin Exp Rheumatol 20:773–781

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  27. Neustadt DH (2006) Intra-articular injections for osteoarthritis of the knee. Clevel Clin J Med 73(10):897–898

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Nurden AT, Nurden P, Sanchez M et al (2008) Platelets and wound healing. Front Biosci 13:3532–3548

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Ornetti P, Nourissat G, Berenbaum F et al (2016) Does platelet-rich plasma have a role in the treatment of osteoarthritis? Joint Bone Spine 83(1):31–36

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Patel S, Dhillon MS, Aggarwal S et al (2013) Treatment with platelet-rich plasma is more effective than placebo for knee osteoarthritis: a prospective, double-blind, randomized trial. Am J Sports Med 41:356–364

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  31. Riva Sanseverino E (1989) Knee-joint disorders treated by oxygen-ozone therapy. Eur Med Phys 25(3):163–170

    Google Scholar 

  32. Samposon S, Gerhardt M, Mandelaum B (2008) Platelet rich plasma injection grafts for musculoskeletal injuries: a review. Curr Rew Musculoskelet Med 1(3–4):165–174

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Smyth NA, Murawski CD, Fortier LA et al (2013) Platelet-rich plasma in the pathologic processes of cartilage: review of basic science evidence. Arthroscopy 29(8):1399–1409

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  34. Sundman EA, Cole BJ, Karas V et al (2014) The anti-inflammatory and matrix restorative mechanisms of platelet-rich plasma in osteoarthritis. Am J Sports Med 42(1):35–41

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  35. Wearing SC, Henning EM, Byrne NM et al (2006) Musculoskeletal disorders associated with obesity: a biomechanical perspective. Obes Rev 7(3):239–250

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  36. Zhang W, Moskowitz RW, Nuki G et al (2008) OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, Part II: OARSI evidence-based, expert consensus guidelines. Osteoarthr Cartil 16:137–162

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tahir Mutlu Duymus.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Duymus, T.M., Mutlu, S., Dernek, B. et al. Choice of intra-articular injection in treatment of knee osteoarthritis: platelet-rich plasma, hyaluronic acid or ozone options. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 25, 485–492 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-016-4110-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-016-4110-5

Keywords

Navigation