Medial meniscus anatomy—from basic science to treatment

  • Robert ŚmigielskiEmail author
  • Roland Becker
  • Urszula Zdanowicz
  • Bogdan Ciszek


This paper focuses on the anatomical attachment of the medial meniscus. Detailed anatomical dissections have been performed and illustrated. Five zones can be distinguished in regard to the meniscus attachments anatomy: zone 1 (of the anterior root), zone 2 (anteromedial zone), zone 3 (the medial zone), zone 4 (the posterior zone) and the zone 5 (of the posterior root). The understanding of the meniscal anatomy is especially crucial for meniscus repair but also for correct fixation of the anterior and posterior horn of the medial meniscus.


Anatomy Medial meniscus Attachment 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Maciej Pronicki, MD, PhD for providing histopathology examinations, Maciej Śmiarowski ( for taking all photographs and Center for Medical Education ( for its help.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Śmigielski
    • 1
    Email author
  • Roland Becker
    • 2
  • Urszula Zdanowicz
    • 1
  • Bogdan Ciszek
    • 3
  1. 1.Orthopaedic and Sports Traumatology DepartmentCarolina Medical CenterWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic and TraumatologyCity Hospital BrandenburgBrandenburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of Descriptive and Clinical AnatomyMedical University of WarsawWarsawPoland

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