Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy

, Volume 20, Issue 11, pp 2148–2155 | Cite as

Coracoid impingement: current concepts

  • Frank Martetschläger
  • Daniel Rios
  • Robert E. Boykin
  • J. Erik Giphart
  • Antoinette de Waha
  • Peter J. MillettEmail author


For many years, coracoid impingement has been a well-recognized cause of anterior shoulder pain. However, a precise diagnosis of coracoid impingement remains difficult in some cases due to the presence of multifactorial pathologies and a paucity of supporting evidence in the literature. This review provides an update on the current anatomical and biomechanical knowledge regarding this pathology, describes the diagnostic process, and discusses the possible treatment options, based on a systematic review of the literature. Level of evidence V.


Coracoid impingement Subcoracoid impingement Coracohumeral distance Coracohumeral interval 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Martetschläger
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Daniel Rios
    • 2
    • 3
  • Robert E. Boykin
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. Erik Giphart
    • 3
  • Antoinette de Waha
    • 4
  • Peter J. Millett
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Clinic for Trauma Surgery, Emergency Department, University Hospital Rechts der IsarMunich Technical UniversityMunichGermany
  2. 2.The Steadman ClinicVailUSA
  3. 3.Steadman Philippon Research InstituteVailUSA
  4. 4.Clinic for Cardiology, University Hospital Rechts der IsarMunich Technical UniversityMunichGermany

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