The KneeKG system: a review of the literature
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Accurately quantifying knee joint motion is not simple. Skin movement over the medial and lateral femoral condyles is the greatest obstacle to obtaining accurate movement data non-invasively. The KneeKG™ system was developed with the objective of providing high reliability movement analysis. The goal of this manuscript is to review the technical details, clinical evidence, and potential applications of this system for evaluation of rotational knee laxity.
A comprehensive review of the MEDLINE database was carried out to identify all clinical and biomechanical studies related to KneeKG™ system.
The KneeKG™ system non-invasively quantifies knee abduction/adduction, axial rotation, and relative translation of the tibia and femur. The accuracy and reproducibility of the system have been assessed. The average accuracy of the acquisition is 0.4° for abduction/adduction, 2.3° for axial rotation, 2.4 mm for anteroposterior translation, and 1.1 mm for axial translation. This clinical tool enables an accurate and objective assessment of the tri-planar function of the knee joint. The measured biomechanical parameters are sensitive to changes in gait due to knee osteoarthritis and ACL deficiency.
The KneeKG™ system provides reliable movement analysis. This system has the potential to improve understanding the biomechanical consequences of trauma or degenerative changes of the knee as well as more accurately quantify rotational laxity as detected by a positive pivot-shift test.
KeywordsKnee Movement analysis KneeKG Rotational laxity
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