Dynamic knee laxity measurement devices

  • Mattias AhldénEmail author
  • Yuichi Hoshino
  • Kristian Samuelsson
  • Paulo Araujo
  • Volker Musahl
  • Jón Karlsson



Studies have reported that knee kinematics and rotational laxity are not restored to native levels following traditional anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This has led to the development of anatomic ACL reconstruction, which aims to restore native knee kinematics and long-term knee health by replicating normal anatomy as much as possible. The purpose of this review is to give an overview of current dynamic knee laxity measurement devices with the purpose of investigating the significance of dynamic laxity measurement of the knee. Gait analysis is not included.


The subject was discussed with experts in the field in order to perform a level V review. MEDLINE was searched according to the discussions for relevant articles using multiple different search terms. All found abstracts were read and scanned for relevance to the subject. The reference lists of the relevant articles were searched for additional articles related to the subject.


There are a variety of techniques reported to measure dynamic laxity of the knee. Technical development of methods is one important part toward better understanding of knee kinematics. Validation of devices has shown to be difficult due to the lack of gold standard. Different studies use various methods to examine different components of dynamic laxity, which makes comparisons between studies challenging.


Several devices can be used to evaluate dynamic laxity of the knee. At the present time, the devices are continuously under development. Future implementation should include primary basic research, including validation and reliability testing, as well as part of individualized surgery and clinical follow-up.

Level of evidence

Diagnostic study, Level V.


Knee Anterior cruciate ligament Pivot shift Laxity Devices Kinematics 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mattias Ahldén
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yuichi Hoshino
    • 2
  • Kristian Samuelsson
    • 1
  • Paulo Araujo
    • 2
  • Volker Musahl
    • 2
  • Jón Karlsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsSahlgrenska University Hospital/MölndalMölndalSweden
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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