Treatment of resistant nonunion of supracondylar fractures femur by megaprosthesis

Abstract

Purpose

Resistant nonunion of distal femoral fractures in the elderly is a great challenge to treat because it is often associated with multiple problems like poor bone quality, arthritis, disuse osteopenia, joint contractures, and implant failure. We treated ten patients with megaprosthesis and report the outcome.

Methods

Ten elderly patients of resistant nonunion of distal femoral fractures with arthritis knee were treated with megaprosthesis. The median patient age was 74 years (68–85 years). All these patients had undergone at least two prior operative procedures and were operated by us, 24–33 months following the first index surgery. Modular Resection System was used in all the patients.

Results

Eight patients were available for follow-up. Median follow-up period was 4 years. Two patients required extended local wound care for wound skin necrosis. One patient sustained traumatic periprosthetic subtrochanteric fracture following a subsequent trauma. No thromboembolic complications were seen. All knees showed satisfactory alignment and range of motion. Postoperative, median knee society pain score, and knee society function score were 84 (80–88) and 88 (84–92) at last follow-up.

Conclusion

Megaprosthesis can be offered as a one-stage salvage procedure for difficult nonunion in distal femoral fractures associated with bone loss, osteoporosis, and secondary knee arthritis.

Level of evidence

IV.

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Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ajay Pal Singh.

Additional information

This study was done in Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Department of Orthopaedics, Delhi.

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Vaishya, R., Singh, A.P., Hasija, R. et al. Treatment of resistant nonunion of supracondylar fractures femur by megaprosthesis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 19, 1137–1140 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-011-1416-1

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Keywords

  • Supracondylar fracture
  • Resistant nonunion
  • Megaprosthesis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Arthroplasty