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Anatomic variations of the shape of the menisci: a neonatal cadaver study

  • Knee
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Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy Aims and scope

Abstract

Meniscal injuries in children and adolescents are being seen with increased frequency. The menisci are two crescentic lamellae whose functions are to deepen the articular surfaces of the tibial plateu for reception of the condyles of the femur. In our study, our aim is to determine the variations of the shapes and attachments of the menisci in newborns. This study was performed on 11 neonatal cadavers, 22 knee joints that were obtained from the anatomy laboratory. The variations of the shape of the menisci were noted. We found that 77% of the lateral menisci were discoid. This percent is higher than the previously reported percents of the lateral discoid menisci. The different shapes of the menisci were determined as horse shoe, sickle, sided U, sided V and C shaped. We did not determine any discoid medial menisci. We believe that our study will provide support to the neonatal anatomy of the knee, concerning with the surgical procedures and arthroscopy of the knee joint.

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Acknowledgement

We thank specifically to Dr. Ufuk Çorumlu, Mr. Mustafa Cebelik and Mr. Refaittin Üstüner for their technical assistance in this study.

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Correspondence to Cem Kopuz.

Additional information

This study was presented at the 6th international symposium of clinical anatomy, Varna, Bulgaria, 8–10 October 2004

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Kale, A., Kopuz, C., Edýzer, M. et al. Anatomic variations of the shape of the menisci: a neonatal cadaver study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 14, 975–981 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-006-0069-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-006-0069-y

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