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Topology optimization for crashworthiness of thin-walled structures under axial impact using hybrid cellular automata


Although topology optimization is well established in most engineering fields, it is still in its infancy concerning highly non-linear structural applications like vehicular crashworthiness. One of the approaches recently proposed and based on Hybrid Cellular Automata is modified here such that it can be applied for the first time to thin-walled structures. Classical methods based on voxel techniques, i.e., on solid three-dimensional volume elements, cannot derive structures made from thin metal sheets where the main energy absorption mode is related to plastic buckling, folding and failure. Because the main components of car structures are made from such thin-walled beams and panels, a special approach using SFE CONCEPT was developed, which is presented in this paper.

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The authors would like to thank SFE GmbH in Berlin and Queen Mary University of London for their financial support.

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Correspondence to Fabian Duddeck.

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Duddeck, F., Hunkeler, S., Lozano, P. et al. Topology optimization for crashworthiness of thin-walled structures under axial impact using hybrid cellular automata. Struct Multidisc Optim 54, 415–428 (2016).

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