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Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 459–477 | Cite as

Optimum design of FRP bridge deck: an efficient RS-HDMR based approach

  • T. MukhopadhyayEmail author
  • T. K. Dey
  • R. Chowdhury
  • A. Chakrabarti
  • S. Adhikari
RESEARCH PAPER

Abstract

A novel efficient hybrid method based on random sampling-high dimensional model representations (RS-HDMR) and genetic algorithm coupled with a local unconstrained multivariable minimization function is proposed in this study for optimization of FRP composite web core bridge deck panels. The optimization is performed for lightweight design of FRP composite bridge deck panels based on deflection limit, stresses, buckling and failure criteria and subsequently the representative design curves are developed considering normal as well as skew configurations of FRP bridge decks. Sensitivity analysis is also performed to study the effect of variation in geometry of the bridge deck to its deflection, stress and buckling behaviours. High level of computational efficiency can be achieved without compromising the accuracy of results for optimization of high dimensional systems following the proposed approach.

Keywords

FRP bridge deck lightweight design RS-HDMR Genetic algorithm Sensitivity analysis Optimization 

Nomenclature

F

Applied stress

fa

Permissible stress

N

Applied buckling load

Ncr

Permissible load

δ

Observed deflection

δa

Permissible deflection

L

Deck length

D

Depth of web core

W

Width of the deck

tb

Thickness of bottom face plate

tt

Thickness of top face plate

tw

Thickness of web webs

n

Number of webs in the core

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support received from MHRD, India during the period of this research work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Mukhopadhyay
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. K. Dey
    • 2
  • R. Chowdhury
    • 2
  • A. Chakrabarti
    • 2
  • S. Adhikari
    • 1
  1. 1.College of EngineeringSwansea UniversitySwanseaUK
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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