Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization

, Volume 28, Issue 2–3, pp 170–179 | Cite as

Analysis and optimum design of fibre-reinforced composite structures

  • G. Kovács
  • A.A. Groenwold
  • K. Jármai
  • J. Farkas
Research paper


The optimal design of a carbon-fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP) sandwich-like structure with aluminium (Al) webs is addressed. The material parameters are determined using tensile tests, whereafter the results of an analytical model, a numerical model and an experimental setup are compared. The analytical and numerical approximations are then used to optimize the structure in a multi-algorithm approach for minimum cost and maximum stiffness. The selected algorithm and approximation are motivated by their accuracy and computational efficiency.

The CFRP plates are optimized with respect to ply arrangement, while the complete sandwich-like structure is optimized with respect to the combination of manufacturing and material cost. Design constraints on maximum deflection of the total structure, buckling of the CFRP composite plates, buckling of the Al webs, stress in the composite plates and stress in the Al stiffeners are included in the formulation. For the different phases in the optimization process, we use the recently proposed particle swarm optimization algorithm, a dynamic search technique and a continuous-discrete optimization technique .


carbon fiber reinforced plastic structural optimization finite element model 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Kovács
    • 1
  • A.A. Groenwold
    • 2
  • K. Jármai
    • 1
  • J. Farkas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Handling and LogisticsUniversity of MiskolcMiskolc, EgyetemvárosHungary
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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