Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 575–597 | Cite as

Child care workers' wages: New evidence on returns to education, experience, job tenure and auspice

  • Gordon H. Cleveland
  • Douglas E. Hyatt


Child care workers receive low hourly pay, modest returns to education, experience and job tenure, and have high rates of turnover. These stylized facts have caused analysts to characterize child care workers as secondary labour market participants. We use Canadian data to challenge this characterization and to examine the disputed effects of auspice (non-profit vs. for-profit status) on wages. In contrast to Mocan and Viola (1997), improved controls for the differential availability of resources and firm size do not make the positive wage effects experienced by workers in non-profit day care centres disappear.

JEL classifications: J13 J31 J42 
Key words: Child care non-profit compensation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordon H. Cleveland
    • 1
  • Douglas E. Hyatt
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Management, University of Toronto at Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada. M1C 1A4 (FAX: +01-416-287-7392; e-mail:
  2. 2.Centre for Industrial Relations, University of Toronto, 121 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. M5S 2E8 (FAX: +01-416-978-5696; e-mail:

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