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Hebrew language usage: Determinants and effects on earnings among immigrants in Israel

Abstract.

This paper uses the 1983 Census of Israel to analyze Hebrew speaking skills and the effects of Hebrew fluency on the earnings of adult male immigrants. Hebrew fluency increases with a longer duration in Israel, the presence of children in the household, marrying after immigration, living in an area in which a smaller proportion speak one‘s mother tongue, a younger age at migration, a higher level of schooling and varies by country of birth. Earnings increase monotonically with the use of Hebrew. Speaking English as a second language is associated with higher earnings, even when country of origin is held constant.

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Received: 9 June 1997/Accepted: 6 November 1997

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Chiswick, B. Hebrew language usage: Determinants and effects on earnings among immigrants in Israel. J Popul Econ 11, 253–271 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001480050068

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s001480050068

  • JEL classification: J61
  • J24
  • J31
  • Key words: Immigrants
  • language
  • Israel