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A socioeconomic analysis of the determinants of fertility: The case of Vietnam

Abstract.

This paper is an economics-based quantitative analysis of the determinants of individual fertility in Vietnam, measured as the number of children ever born. In addition to the conventional linear model, two limited dependent variable models, Poisson and ordered-logit, are estimated using data from the 1988 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survery. We find, among other things, that husbands‘ characteristics are almost as important as those of wives in determining fertility, perhaps a reflection of the still dominant role of husbands in Vietnamese families. Both paternal and maternal education have important impacts on fertility. Of special interest is the evidence that supports the attitudinal effect of education over the opportunity-cost effect.

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Received April 22, 1996 / Accepted January 13, 1997

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Nguyen-Dinh, H. A socioeconomic analysis of the determinants of fertility: The case of Vietnam. J Popul Econ 10, 251–271 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001480050042

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s001480050042

  • JEL classification: J13
  • Key words: Number of children ever born
  • Poisson model
  • ordered-logit model