Skip to main content

Table 4 The effect of TA removal on EU8 self-employment rates

From: Eastward enlargements of the European Union, transitional arrangements and self-employment

Variables (1) (2) (3)
TAE U8  − 0.367  − 1.023  − 2.931
(3.071) (2.678) (2.416)
TAE U8 × Continental     − 7.341*
   (4.009)
TAE U8 × Nordic     − 8.139
   (4.678)
Native self-employment rate   1.361* 1.257*
  (0.653) (0.630)
Share EU8    − 3.518**  − 2.670
  (1.390) (1.526)
Unemployment   0.386 0.299
  (0.257) (0.230)
GDP per capita PPA   0.000177 0.000191
  (0.000173) (0.000166)
Employment protection legislation   4.608 6.084
  (3.999) (4.049)
Constant 9.894***  − 29.44*  − 31.82*
(2.762) (16.28) (16.87)
Observations 237 233 233
R-squared 0.064 0.193 0.223
Number of countries 15 15 15
  1. All models shown include country and year fixed effects. Robust standard errors, clustered at the country level, in parentheses. Significance at ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. Data for Finland and Sweden includes both EU2 and EU8, as available in the EULFS