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Table 13 Probit marginal effects (first stage) for employment in public sector in year. Dependent variable: probability (in year) of public sector employment

From: Why is fertility on the rise in Egypt? The role of women’s employment opportunities

Public sector local emp. (percentage)
  In current year 0.001**
(0.001)
  One-year lag − 0.000
(0.000)
  Two-year lag − 0.001
(0.000)
Education (illiterate omitted)
  Read and write 0.013*
(0.007)
  Primary 0.005
(0.004)
  Preparatory 0.011*
(0.006)
  General secondary 0.139***
(0.032)
  Vocational secondary 0.102***
(0.007)
  Post-secondary institutes 0.182***
(0.024)
  University and above 0.306***
(0.017)
Governorate characteristics
  Life expectancy (years) 0.002
(0.005)
  Adult literacy − 0.000
(0.001)
  GDP per capita (thousand LE) 0.000
(0.001)
  Prenatal care − 0.000
(0.000)
Birth gov. and urban interactions Yes
Mother’s and father’s education Yes
Age group and cal. year group ints. Yes
Single years Yes
N 56,549
  1. Source: Author’s calculations based primarily on ELMPS 2012. Standard errors clustered at PSU level
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001