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Table 11 Discrete-time survival analysis model (logit) for births including spouse characteristics. Dependent variable: hazard (in year) of a birth. Coefficients have been transformed into odds ratios. Standard errors in parentheses

From: Why is fertility on the rise in Egypt? The role of women’s employment opportunities

Public sector work interacted with parity
  Marriage 1.012
(0.077)
  First birth 1.016
(0.081)
  Second birth 0.837*
(0.074)
  Third birth 0.680*
(0.109)
  Fourth birth 1.243
(0.297)
  Fifth birth and above 1.419
(0.479)
Have a male child (not yet omitted)  
  Yes 0.739***
(0.024)
Education (illiterate omitted)  
  Read and write 0.991
(0.070)
  Primary 0.870**
(0.046)
  Preparatory 0.914
(0.054)
  General secondary 1.095
(0.109)
  Vocational secondary 0.993
(0.040)
  Post-secondary institutes 0.992
(0.072)
  University and above 1.121
(0.069)
Spouse public sector work interacted with parity  
  Marriage 1.041
(0.054)
  First birth 1.035
(0.054)
  Second birth 0.951
(0.052)
  Third birth 1.008
(0.085)
  Fourth birth 0.830
(0.129)
  Fifth birth and above 1.374
(0.342)
Spouse education (illiterate omitted)
  Read and write 1.120
(0.066)
  Primary 0.975
(0.043)
  Preparatory 0.929
(0.056)
  General secondary 0.891
(0.083)
  Vocational secondary 0.954
(0.040)
  Post-secondary institutes 0.893
(0.059)
  University and above 1.026
(0.055)
Governorate characteristics  
  Life expectancy (years) 0.977
(0.016)
  Adult literacy 0.999
(0.003)
  GDP per capita (thousand LE) 0.999
(0.005)
  Prenatal care 0.997
(0.002)
Parity and years since last birth Yes
Mother’s and father’s education Yes
Birth gov. and urban interactions Yes
Age group and cal. year group ints. Yes
N 49,360
  1. Source: Author’s calculations based primarily on ELMPS 2012. Standard errors clustered at PSU level. Only for sub-sample of women with husbands present in the household
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001