The long-term effects of mistimed pregnancy on children’s education and employment
In this study, we examine the long-term effects of mistimed pregnancy on one’s future educational attainment and employment. We use the time gap between a child’s birth year and their mothers’ marriage year as a proxy indicator of mistimed pregnancy. We find that a large proportion of children were born from 1 to 3 years after their mothers’ marriage, and these children have remarkably higher educational attainment and are more likely to be engaged in a high-skilled profession than children born just before their mothers’ marriage. This negative effect is consistently found in 10 countries studied in this paper.
KeywordsUnintended childbearing Unintended pregnancy Child education Employment Cross-countries
JEL classificationJ13 J12 I25
I would like to express my great thanks to Anna Aizer (Brown University), Ilyana Kuziemko (Princeton University), and Pascaline Dupas (Stanford University) for their useful comments and suggestions. I would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers from Journal of Population Economics for their very detailed and useful comments on this paper.
Compliance with ethical standards
This paper “The long-term effects of mistimed pregnancy on children’s education and employment” uses the secondary data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series project, which is conducted by the Minnesota Population Center, National Statistical Offices. There are no ethic problems related to this study.
Conflict of interest
I declare that there are no financial or business interests that relate to the paper “The long-term effects of mistimed pregnancy on children’s education and employment.” There are no other conflicts or ethnic issues related to the study.
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