Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 397–427 | Cite as

Missing time with parents: son preference among Asians in the USA

  • Neeraj Kaushal
  • Felix M. Muchomba
Original Paper


We study prevalence of son preference in families of East and South Asian origin living in the USA by investigating parental time investments in children using American Time Use Surveys. Estimates show that East and South Asian mothers spend an additional hour of quality time per day with their young (aged 0–2 years) sons than with young daughters; son preference in mothers’ time allocation declines as children get older. East and South Asian fathers’ time with young children is gender neutral. We find gender specialization in time with children aged 6–17 with fathers spending more time with sons and mothers spending more time with daughters.


Son preference Parental investments Immigrants Time use 

JEL classification

J13 J15 J16 



We thank the editor, Junsen Zhang, the four anonymous referees, Lisa Bates, Lena Edlund, Irwin Garfinkel, Robert Kaestner, Julien Teitler, and conference participants at the Columbia Population Research Center and Population Association of America for their valuable comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers, The State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA

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