Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 1093–1134 | Cite as

Gender gaps in early educational achievement

Original Paper

Abstract

This paper analyzes the source of the gender gap in third-grade numeracy and reading. We adopt an Oaxaca-Blinder approach and decompose the gender gap in educational achievement into endowment and response components. Our estimation relies on unusually rich panel data from the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Children in which information on child development reported by parents and teachers is linked to each child’s results on a national, standardized achievement test. We find that girls in low- and middle-socio-economic-status (SES) families have an advantage in reading, while boys in high-SES families have an advantage in numeracy. Girls score higher on their third-grade reading tests in large part because they were more ready for school at age 4 and had better teacher-assessed literacy skills in kindergarten. Boys’ advantage in numeracy occurs because they achieve higher numeracy test scores than girls with the same education-related characteristics.

Keywords

Gender gaps Educational achievement Education Australia 

JEL Classification

J16 I21 I24 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social ResearchThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)BonnGermany
  3. 3.ARC Centre of Excellence for Children and Families Over the Life CourseBrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.EconomiXUniversity of NanterreNanterreFrance

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