Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 569–590 | Cite as

Sibling gender composition’s effect on education: evidence from China

  • Xiaoyan Lei
  • Yan Shen
  • James P. Smith
  • Guangsu Zhou
Original Paper

Abstract

We use a population survey of the Chinese adult population—2010 Chinese Family Panel Studies (CFPS) modeled after the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. We find that being the oldest child gives an education benefit to male and not female children who are often assigned supervisory roles for younger siblings. Most importantly, an increase in the fraction of female siblings leads to a significant increase in education of Chinese men and to a lesser extent Chinese women. This effect is concentrated among those with rural Hukou. In China, male children absorbed more education resources so that in a credit constrained family, increases in fraction of siblings who are sisters frees up resources for educating boys. This is less so for girls since their education was lower and additional resources would not be used for them.

Keywords

Education Siblings China Gender composition 

JEL Classification

I20 I25 J16 J24 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoyan Lei
    • 1
  • Yan Shen
    • 1
  • James P. Smith
    • 2
  • Guangsu Zhou
    • 3
  1. 1.CCER, National School of DevelopmentPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.The RAND CorporationSanta MonicaUSA
  3. 3.CICCE, School of EconomicsNankai UniversityTianjinChina

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