Sibling gender composition’s effect on education: evidence from China
- 892 Downloads
We use a population survey of the Chinese adult population—2010 Chinese Family Panel Studies (CFPS) modeled after the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. We find that being the oldest child gives an education benefit to male and not female children who are often assigned supervisory roles for younger siblings. Most importantly, an increase in the fraction of female siblings leads to a significant increase in education of Chinese men and to a lesser extent Chinese women. This effect is concentrated among those with rural Hukou. In China, male children absorbed more education resources so that in a credit constrained family, increases in fraction of siblings who are sisters frees up resources for educating boys. This is less so for girls since their education was lower and additional resources would not be used for them.
KeywordsEducation Siblings China Gender composition
JEL ClassificationI20 I25 J16 J24
This research was supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging (P01-AG022481 and R37-AG025529) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 71490732 and 2016KEY02). The authors thank the editor and anonymous referees of this journal and recognize their help and guidance.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Ananat EO, Michaels G (2008) The effect of marital breakup on the income distribution of women with children. J Hum Resour 43(3):611–629Google Scholar
- Barcellos SH, Carvalho LS, Lleras-Muney A (2014) Child gender and parental investments in India: are boys and girls treated differently? Am Econ J: App Econ 6(1):157–189Google Scholar
- Black SE, Devereux PJ, Salvanes KG (2005) The more the merrier? The effect of family size and birth order on children’s education. Q J Econ 120(2):669–700Google Scholar
- Chen Y, Li H, Meng L (2013) Prenatal sex selection and missing girls in China: evidence from the diffusion of diagnostic ultrasound. J Hum Resour 48(1):36–70Google Scholar
- Chen SH, Chen YC, Liu JT (2014) The impact of family composition on educational achievement. NBER Working Paper, No. 20443Google Scholar
- Deuchler M (1992) The Confucian transformation of Korea: a study of society and ideology, Harvard-Yenching Monograph Series No. 36, Harvard University Asia CenterGoogle Scholar
- Lei X, Smith JP, Hu Y, Zhao Y (2012) Gender differences in cognition among older adults in China. J Hum Resour 47(4):951–971Google Scholar
- Merli MG, Smith HL (2002) Has the Chinese family planning policy been successful in changing fertility preferences? Demography 39(3):557–572Google Scholar
- Smith JP, Lei X, Shen Y, Zhou G (2014) Fertility, gender preference, the One Child Policy and life satisfaction in China. Working PaperGoogle Scholar