Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 307–337

The heterogeneity of ethnic employment gaps

  • Romain Aeberhardt
  • Élise Coudin
  • Roland Rathelot
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00148-016-0602-3

Cite this article as:
Aeberhardt, R., Coudin, É. & Rathelot, R. J Popul Econ (2017) 30: 307. doi:10.1007/s00148-016-0602-3

Abstract

This paper investigates the heterogeneity of ethnic employment gaps using a new single-index based approach. Instead of stratifying our sample by age or education, we study ethnic employment gaps along a continuous measure of employability, the employment probability minority workers would have if their characteristics were priced as in the majority group. We apply this method to French males, comparing those whose parents are North African immigrants and those with native parents. We find that both the raw and the unexplained ethnic employment differentials are larger for low-employability workers than for high-employability ones. We show in a theoretical framework that this heterogeneity can be accounted for by homogeneous underlying mechanisms and is not evidence for, say, heterogeneous discrimination. Finally, we discuss our main empirical findings in the light of simple taste-based vs. statistical discrimination models.

Keywords

Discrimination Employment differentials Decomposition 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Romain Aeberhardt
    • 1
  • Élise Coudin
    • 1
  • Roland Rathelot
    • 2
  1. 1.CRESTParisFrance
  2. 2.University of WarwickCoventryUK

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