The health-schooling relationship: evidence from Swedish twins
Health and education are known to be highly correlated, but the mechanisms behind the relationship are not well understood. In particular, there is sparse evidence on whether adolescent health may influence educational attainment. Using a large registry dataset of twins, including comprehensive information on health status at the age of 18 and later educational attainment, we investigate whether health predicts final education within monozygotic (identical) twin pairs. We find no evidence of this and conclude that health in adolescence may not have an influence on the level of schooling. Instead, raw correlations between adolescent health and schooling appear to be driven by genes and twin-pair-specific environmental factors.
KeywordsTwins Twin-fixed effects Education Health Specific conditions
JEL ClassificationI10 I14 I21 I24
Research grants from the Centre for Economic Demography and from the Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation are gratefully acknowledged. We thank two anonymous referees for their help and guidance.
Compliance with ethical standards
This study was funded by the Centre for Economic Demography and the Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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