Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 1217–1247 | Cite as

The effects of a change in the point system on immigration: evidence from the 2001 Quebec reform

Original Paper

Abstract

In 2001, Quebec changed its point system, a system that selects immigrants based on specific observable characteristics. The explicit objective was to increase the number of French-speaking immigrants, with no deterioration in overall labor market performance. To achieve this, points for French and education (specifically bachelor’s degrees) were increased. In parallel, points for a subjective assessment of “adaptability” were decreased. In line with the initial objective, we find more French-speaking immigrants with bachelor’s degrees, and no worsening in labor market outcomes after the reform. These results hold in a difference-in-differences and triple differences analysis. This paper shows how point systems can be used to shape the immigrant workforce according to policy goals.

Keywords

Immigration Point system Labor market integration 

JEL Classification

J61 J68 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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