Table 4 Data sources and description

From: Trade and fertility in the developing world: the impact of trade and trade structure

Variable Description Time range Source
Fertility Fertility is measured as the total fertility rate (TFR). 1970–2007 World Development Indicators (WDI)
This is a composite measure containing all age-specific   
fertility rates. It comprises the number of children an   
imaginary woman would give birth to if she were to move   
fast-forward through her life (and her childbearing years)   
Manufacturing exports per capita Exports classified in groups SITC 1970–2007 United Nations Commodity Trade Database
5, 6, 7, and 8 in current USD divided by total population numbers   (2011)/Penn World Tables 7.0
Primary exports per capita Exports classified in groups SITC 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 in current 1970–2007 United Nations Commodity Trade
USD divided by total population numbers   Database (2011)/Penn World Tables 7.0
GDP per capita Gross domestic product per capita in constant USD 1970–2007 Penn World Tables 7.0
Infant mortality Mortality rate per 1,000 live births 1970–2007 Child Mortality Database (2011)
Female labor force participation The ratio of economically active women to all women aged 15 and older 1980–2007 World Development Indicators (WDI)
Female schooling Average years of schooling among women 1970–2007 Barro and (Lee 2013)
Urbanization Share of total population living in urban areas 1970–2007 World Development Indicators (WDI)