National identity and ethnic diversity
- 2.6k Downloads
In countries with high levels of ethnic diversity, “nation building” has been proposed as a mechanism for integration and conflict reduction. We find no evidence of lower intensity of national sentiment in more ethnically fragmented countries or in minority groups. National feelings in a minority can be higher or lower than in a majority, depending on the degree of ethnic diversity of a country. On the one hand, in countries with high ethnic diversity, nationalist feelings are less strong in minority groups than in the majorities; on the other hand, in countries with low ethnic diversity, the reverse is true.
KeywordsIdentity Ethnic diversity Nation building
JEL ClassificationA14 J15 Z10
I am especially indebted to Francesco Caselli and Maitreesh Ghatak for their support. I also thank three anonymous referees, the editor Klaus F. Zimmermann, Oriana Bandiera, Erland Berg, Tim Besley, Matteo Cervellati, Raja Khali, Eliana La Ferrara, Andrea Prat, and participants at NEUDC conference 2006, “Polarization and Conflict” conference 2006 and seminars at LSE. All errors are mine. I also gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through the Collaborative Research Center 884.
- Avitabile C, Clots-Figueras I, Masella P (2010) The effect of birthright citizenship on parental integration outcomes. CSEF working paper no. 246Google Scholar
- Bannon A, Miguel E, Posner D (2004) Sources of ethnic identification in Africa. Afrobarometer working paper no. 44Google Scholar
- Bauer T, Lofstrom M, Zimmermann KF (2000) Immigration policy, assimilation of immigrants and natives’ sentiments towards immigrants: evidence from 12 OECD-countries. Swed Econ Policy Rev 7(2):11–53Google Scholar
- Bisin A, Patacchini E, Verdier T, Zenou Y (2006) ‘Bend it like Beckam’: identity, socialization and assimilation. CEPR discussion paper no. 5662Google Scholar
- Caselli F, Coleman W (2006) On the theory of ethnic conflict. NBER working paper no. W12125Google Scholar
- Clots-Figueras I, Masella P (2010) Education, language and identity. MimeoGoogle Scholar
- Deutch K, Foltz W (1963) Nation building. Atherton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Georgiadis A, Manning A (2009) One nation under a groove? Multiculturalism in Britain. CEPR discussion paper no. 994Google Scholar
- Tilly C (1975) The formation of national States in Western Europe. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar