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Does female participation affect the sharing rule?


I give an empirical answer to whether the sharing patterns of household consumption of participating and nonparticipating wives differ. I use the basic collective model conditioned on female participation to identify the sharing patterns. Using Spanish data, I test the model assumptions and I find significant differences. Nonparticipating wives get larger transfers from their husbands than participating wives. However, while participating wives with at least an equal total share keep a part of their increase in wages for their own consumption, nonparticipating wives cannot benefit from having better labor opportunities. These results complement evidence about intrahousehold distribution of home time.

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Correspondence to Bernarda Zamora.

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Responsible editor: Deborah Cobb-Clark

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Zamora, B. Does female participation affect the sharing rule?. J Popul Econ 24, 47–83 (2011).

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  • Collective model
  • Sharing rule
  • Female participation

JEL Classification

  • D11
  • J22