Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 903–932

Parental time and working schedules


DOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0147-6

Cite this article as:
Rapoport, B. & Le Bourdais, C. J Popul Econ (2008) 21: 903. doi:10.1007/s00148-007-0147-6


This paper investigates the effects of working schedules and of other characteristics (including family composition) on the time devoted by mothers and fathers to different activities with children in Canadian households, by using 1992 and 1998 Canadian Time Use Surveys. Switching regression models and models with selection allow us to simultaneously model labour market participation, type of work schedules and allocation of parental time. Working time has a negative and very significant effect on parental time. Hours worked during the day or at night exert a similar effect on parental time, but the impact of hours worked in the evening is by far larger. Time worked in the evening mainly decreases leisure and social activities with children.


Parental time Switching regression models Working schedules 

JEL Classification

C3 J13 J22 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Paris I-Panthéon SorbonneMaison des Sciences EconomiquesParis cedex 13France
  2. 2.Department of SociologyMcGill UniversityMontréalCanada

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