Bernard Fortin is a fellow of CIRANO
We thank the Conseil Québécois de la Recherche Sociale (CQRS) and the Chair of Canada in Social Policies and Human Resources for their financial support. We are also grateful to the Ministère de la Solidarité Sociale for access to and advice on the data used in this paper. We especially benefited from the expertise of Pierre Lanctôt and Alain Boisvert from the Ministère. We also thank Hélène Roberge and France Labrecque for their invaluable contribution to the collection and treatment of the data, as well as Andrew Clark, Peter Gottschalk, Simon Larose, Marc Van Audenrode, Carole Vincent and two anonymous referees for helpful comments.
Responsible editor: Christoph M. Schmidt.
This paper is written in a personal capacity and does not necessarily represent the views of HRDC.