Enclaves, language, and the location choice of migrants
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Empirical studies in the migration literature have shown that enclaves (networks) negatively affect the language proficiency of migrants. Most of these studies do not address the choice of location as a function of language skills. Using data on Mexican migration to the US, we show that migrants choose smaller networks as their English language proficiency improves.
KeywordsEnclaves Language proficiency Migrants
JEL ClassificationJ15 J61 F22
We thank Julie Philips for helping us with the data and Robert Stuart for helpful discussions. This paper was partly written while Gil Esptein and Ira Gang were visiting IZA, Bonn.
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