Journal of Population Economics

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 649–662 | Cite as

Enclaves, language, and the location choice of migrants

  • Thomas Bauer
  • Gil S. Epstein
  • Ira N. GangEmail author
Original Paper


Empirical studies in the migration literature have shown that enclaves (networks) negatively affect the language proficiency of migrants. Most of these studies do not address the choice of location as a function of language skills. Using data on Mexican migration to the US, we show that migrants choose smaller networks as their English language proficiency improves.


Enclaves Language proficiency Migrants 

JEL Classification

J15 J61 F22 



We thank Julie Philips for helping us with the data and Robert Stuart for helpful discussions. This paper was partly written while Gil Esptein and Ira Gang were visiting IZA, Bonn.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ruhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsBar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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