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Determinants of family migration: short moves vs. long moves


This paper examines factors underlying family migration. Based on a sample of stable Finnish families, both short- and long-distance migration is investigated. The empirical analysis carried out using multinomial logit modelling shows a strong negative association between the family life-cycle and migration. The findings indicate that migration takes place mainly due to the demands of the husband’s career, resulting in the wives being tied migrants. Two-earner families are less migratory, and in that sense the husbands are tied stayers. Distance matters; several differences are noticed between short- and long-distance migrants.

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Correspondence to Satu Nivalainen.

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Financial support from the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation (project no. 4271) is gratefully acknowledged. I would like to thank two anonymous referees for their helpful comments on this paper. I also wish to thank Kari Hälänen, Sari Pekkala and Hannu Tervo for their comments on an earlier version of this paper. Responsible editor: John F. Ermisch.

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Nivalainen, S. Determinants of family migration: short moves vs. long moves. J Popul Econ 17, 157–175 (2004).

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JEL classification

  • C31
  • J61
  • R23

Key words

  • Family migration
  • ties
  • distance