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Table 1 Challenges of using macro-level case studies

From: What does it mean to embed ethics in data science? An integrative approach based on microethics and virtues

Type of Case studies Position of individual Possible student response
Multi-stakeholder case study No description of individual action “I could not influence such a situation”
Evidence of maleficent actions Individual actor perpetrating harm “I’d never do that”
Outside of field of reference Reduced range of actor decisions “I’d never be in a position to do that/the right course of action”