AI & SOCIETY

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 483–500 | Cite as

Legal regulations and public policies for next-generation robots in Japan

Original Article

Abstract

Faced with a declining birthrate and aging population, the Japanese government has been adopting policies to promote the R&D of next-generation robots (hereinafter “NGRs”) which are seen as key to solving issues of labor shortage and enhance global competitiveness of the Japanese economy. However, the legal environment surrounding NGRs is not developer-friendly, and may hamper their proliferation and use. In order to address this issue, the first section of this paper explains the legal status of NGRs in Japan, followed by a section focusing on the legal regulations in Japan which involve the developers, manufacturers, distributors, and operators of NGRs. The final section outlines the current situation of various policies adopted by the Japanese government to enhance and accelerate the development of NGRs. The aim of this paper was to show how NGRs are regarded under the laws of Japan and what legal barriers the NGR-related parties confront, and provide insight into how the Japanese government is trying to promote the development of NGRs.

Keywords

Robots Definition Legal status Accidents Liability 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.River-City Legal Profession CorporationChibaJapan

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