Skip to main content
Log in

The effect of a ticking clock on task performance

  • Original Article
  • Published:
AI & SOCIETY Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

We examined the influence of a ticking clock on task performance using a laboratory experiment. We investigated how performance changed in response to various clock ticking speeds using a trick clock that allowed us to control its ticking speed. We found that the subjects’ performance was influenced by the speed at which the clock ticked: Particularly, individuals showed slower performance when exposed to a slow-ticking clock. We demonstrated that common environmental stimuli encountered in daily life, such as the ticking of a clock, have a significant effect on human behavior.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. At this time, the exchange rate was about $1 = ¥91.

  2. The fixed effects panel model can control unobserved heterogeneity among individuals using dummy variables. Refer to econometrics textbooks, such as that by Baltagi (2013), for more information.

References

  • Baltagi BH (2013) Economic analysis of panel data, 5th edn. Wiley, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Davidson CW, Powell LA (1986) The effects of easy-listening background music on the on-task-performance of fifth-grade children. J Educ Res 80:29–33

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gibbon J (1977) Scalar expectancy theory and Weber’s law in animal timing. Psychol Rev 84:279–325

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koyano E (1985) A study of periodic lengths for input human error curve and pulse speed variability curve. A study of the characteristics of the office work based on the physiological index. Part IV. J Jpn Ind Manag Assoc 36(4):287–291 (in Japanese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Lesiuk T (2005) The effect of music listening on work performance. Psychol Music 33(2):173–191

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu B, Huanga Y, Wanga Z, Wu G (2012) The influence of background music on recognition processes of Chinese characters: an ERP study. Neurosci Lett 518:80–85

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Matumura N (2012) Shikakeology. http://shikakeology.org/

  • McElrea H, Standing L (1992) Fast music causes fast drinking. Percept Mot Skills 75:362

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moller LE (1980) Performance of musicians under noise. Percept Mot Skills 50:301–302

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nittono H, Tsuda A, Akai S, Nakajima Y (2000) Tempo of background sound and performance speed. Percept Mot Skills 90:1122

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank Yoshihiro Miyai, Tomoya Nishi, and Koushirou Kane for the development of the materials of our experiment. We are also indebted to Shunichiro Oka and Yuki Nakauchi for their assistance with our experiment.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shoko Yamane.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Yamane, S., Matsumura, N. The effect of a ticking clock on task performance. AI & Soc 30, 443–449 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-014-0563-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00146-014-0563-6

Keywords

Navigation