, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 103–108 | Cite as

Considerations about the relationship between animal and machine ethics

  • Oliver Bendel
Open Forum


Ethics researches morality in respect to humans and animals. Usually, it implies human morality; therefore, the focus is on human–human relationships (generally in ethics) and human–animal relationships (in animal ethics). Ethics can also deal with the morality of machines such as unmanned aerial vehicles, robots and agents or of self-driving cars and computers in automated trading, in other words more or less autonomous systems and programs. Machine ethics almost exclusively concentrates on machine–human relationships rather than on machine–animal relationships. Before this background, this article contributes some basic considerations about the relationship between animal and machine ethics.


Animal ethics Machine ethics Robot ethics Information ethics Technology ethics Moral machines Animal–machine interaction 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Business, Institute for Information SystemsUniversity of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW)WindischSwitzerland

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