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3D biplane versus conventional 2D ultrasound imaging for internal jugular vein cannulation

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Fig. 1

Data availability

HJS, EHMK and RAB take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the analysis. The study protocol is available upon request.


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3DUI Study Group: Joris van Houte, M.D., Cecile H. Kicken M.D., Ph.D. Renee J.C. van den Broek M.D., Leontien ter Horst M.D., Veerle Piot M.D. Department of Anaesthesiology, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, Michelangelolaan 2, 5623 EJ Eindhoven, The Netherlands.


This study was an investigator-initiated study. Funding for acquisition of the Butterfly IQ + system was provided by the Catharina Hospital Research Fund.

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Authors and Affiliations




Study concept and design: HJS, RAB and EHMK. Material preparation and data collection were performed by MIM, RJCvdB, JvH, CHK, LJM, LtH and VP. Data analysis was performed by HJS, RAB and EHMK. The first draft of the manuscript was written by HJS and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Harm J. Scholten.

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Conflicts of interest

LJM, EHMK and RAB have acted as clinical consultants for Philips Medical Research BV, Eindhoven, the Netherlands. All other authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was performed in line with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. Approval was granted by the institutional review board MEC-U (NL76278.100.20, Feb 5, 2021).

Consent to participate

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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The members of the 3DUI Study group are listed in the Acknowledgements section.

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Scholten, H.J., Meesters, M.I., Montenij, L.J. et al. 3D biplane versus conventional 2D ultrasound imaging for internal jugular vein cannulation. Intensive Care Med 48, 236–237 (2022).

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