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Table 1 Percentages of occurrences of withdrawal symptoms for the weaning group (WEAN) and the unsuccessful weaning group (WEAN−)

From: Construction of the Sophia Observation withdrawal Symptoms-scale (SOS) for critically ill children

Withdrawal symptoms WEAN (n = 932) WEAN− (n = 94)
76 patients 27 patients
Agitation 21.1 46.2
Anxiety 14.8 24.7
Muscle tone 13.0 28.0
Motor 19.8 37.6
Tremors 2.8 3.3
Crying 7.3 10.8
High pitched crying 3.6 4.3
Grimacing 10.1 19.4
Sleeping 14.6 21.5
Seizures 0.3 0.0
Pupil dilation 1.2 2.2
Hallucination 1.1 1.1
Vomiting 4.5 11.8
Diarrhea 17.8 21.5
Feeding retention 12.4 25.5
Poor feeding 1.6 0.0
Tachycardia 9.3 16.1
Tachypnea 29.6 31.2
Hypertension 14.6 13.6
Fever 17.6 24.7
Sweating 12.9 22.6
Sneezing 1.0 1.1
Yawning 1.9 4.3
Mottling 9.2 15.1
  1. n number of observations