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The tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin AG 126 reduces the multiple organ failure induced by zymosan in the rat

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Objective. To investigate the effects of tyrphostin AG 126, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, on the multiple organ failure (MOF) caused by zymosan in the rat.

Design. Zymosan (500 mg/kg, suspended in saline solution, i.p.) causes an enhanced formation of reactive oxygen species, which contribute to the pathophysiology of MOF. After zymosan or saline administration, animals were monitored for 12 days.

Measurements and results. Treatment of rats with tyrphostin AG 126 (10 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg or 1 mg/kg intraperitoneally, 1 h and 6 h after zymosan) attenuated the peritoneal exudation and the migration of polymorphonuclear cells caused by zymosan in a dose-dependent fashion. Tyrphostin AG 126 also attenuated the lung, liver, and intestinal injury (histology) as well as the increase in the levels of myeloperoxidase and malondialdehyde caused by zymosan in the lung, liver, and intestine. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PAR), iNOS, and COX-2 revealed a positive staining in lung, liver and intestine from zymosan-treated rats. The degree of staining for nitrotyrosine, PAR, iNOS, and COX-2 were markedly reduced in tissue sections obtained from zymosan-treated rats which had received tyrphostin AG 126. Furthermore, treatment of rats with tyrphostin AG 126 significantly reduced the production of peroxynitrite and of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1β.

Conclusions. This study provides the first evidence that the protein kinase inhibitor tyrphostin AG 126 attenuates the degree of MOF associated with zymosan-induced peritonitis in the rat.

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Dugo, L., Chatterjee, P., Mazzon, E. et al. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin AG 126 reduces the multiple organ failure induced by zymosan in the rat. Intensive Care Med 28, 775–788 (2002).

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