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Der Orthopäde

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 198–204 | Cite as

Evaluation of the efficiency of the Chêneau brace on scoliosis deformity

A systematic review of the literature
  • Mohammad Taghi Karimi
  • Timon Rabczuk
  • Mahsa Kavyani
Übersichten

Abstract

Background

Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine and rib cage. Depending on the severity of this disease, various kinds of treatment methods have been used and bracing is among the most common. One of the braces which has been used for subjects with scoliosis is the Chêneau brace. The aim of this review was to evaluate the efficiency of the Chêneau brace on the scoliosis curve progression and control based on the available literature.

Method

We conducted a Medline search via PubMed, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Sciences, Ebsco and Scopus. Keywords such as Chêneau brace, Chêneau light and CAD/CAM spinal brace were used in combination with scoliosis. The quality of the studies was evaluated by the Down and Black tool.

Results

Based on the aforementioned keywords, 55 papers were found. Finally based on the mentioned criteria 14 papers were selected for final analysis. The quality of the studies varied between scores of 13 and 25 using the Down and Black tool. The results of the selected studies confirmed that a good scoliotic curve correction can be achieved with the Chêneau brace.

Conclusion

The Chêneau brace provides a 3-dimensional correction of the spinal deformity which not only influences the progression of scoliotic curve but also influences its natural history. It cannot be concluded that the Chêneau brace is superior to other available braces; however, it has been shown that this brace is effective to control the scoliotic curve progression especially in the lumbar and thoracolumbar regions.

Keywords

Conservative treatment Spinal curvature Review Scoliosis Braces 

Abbreviations

AIS

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

CAD/CAM

Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing

CTM

Chêneau-Toulouse Münster

MB

Milwaukee brace

PICO

Patients or population, intervention, comparison or control, outcome

RCO

Rigo Chêneau orthosis

RSC®

Rigo® System Chênaue®

TLSO

Boston style thoracolumbosacral orthosis

Untersuchung der Wirksamkeit des Chêneau-Korsetts bezüglich der skoliotischen Deformität

Eine systematische Übersicht der Literatur

Zusammenfassung

Hintergrund

Skoliose ist eine 3‑dimensionale Deformität der Wirbelsäule und des Brustkorbs. Abhängig vom Schweregrad der Erkrankung werden verschiedene Behandlungsverfahren angewendet. Zu den gängigsten zählt das Anlegen eines Korsetts. Bei Patienten mit Skoliose wird unter anderem das Chêneau-Korsett verwendet. Ziel dieses Übersichtsbeitrags war es, basierend auf der verfügbaren Literatur dessen Wirksamkeit bezüglich der skoliotischen Krümmungsprogression und -kontrolle zu untersuchen.

Methoden

Es wurde eine Medline-Suche über PubMed, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Sciences, Ebsco und Scopus durchgeführt. Schlüsselwörter wie „Chêneau brace“, „Chêneau light“ und „CAD/CAM spinal brace“ wurden mit „Skoliose“ kombiniert. Die Qualität der Studien wurde mit dem Instrument von Down und Black bewertet.

Ergebnisse

Mit den oben genannten Schlüsselwörtern wurden 55 Beiträge gefunden. Nach den erwähnten Kriterien wurden schließlich 14 Beiträge für die finale Analyse ausgewählt. Die Qualität der Studien reichte bei Anwendung des Instruments nach Down und Black von 13 bis 25 Punkten. Die Ergebnisse der ausgewählten Studien bestätigten, dass mit dem Chêneau-Korsett eine gute Korrektur der skoliotischen Krümmung erreicht werden kann.

Schlussfolgerung

Das Chêneau-Korsett ermöglicht eine 3‑dimensionale Korrektur der Wirbelsäulendeformität, die nicht nur die Progression der skoliotischen Krümmung, sondern auch ihren natürlichen Verlauf beeinflusst. Es kann nicht geschlussfolgert werden, dass das Chêneau-Korsett anderen verfügbaren Korsetts überlegen ist. Wie aber gezeigt wurde, bietet es eine wirksame Kontrolle der skoliotischen Krümmungsprogression, insbesondere in den lumbalen und thorakolumbalen Regionen.

Schlüsselwörter

Konservative Behandlung Wirbelsäulenkrümmung Übersicht Skoliose Korsett 

Notes

Compliance with ethical guidelines

Conflict of interest

M. Taghi Karimi, T. Rabczuk and M. Kavyani declare that they have no competing interests.

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Taghi Karimi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Timon Rabczuk
    • 3
  • Mahsa Kavyani
    • 4
  1. 1.Rehabilitation Sciences Research CenterShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  2. 2.Bone and Joint Diseases Research CenterShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  3. 3.Civil Engineering DepartmentBauhaus University WeimarWeimarGermany
  4. 4.Musculoskeletal Research CenterIsfahan University of Medical sciencesIsfahanIran

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