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Preparation and Characterization of Red Mud/Fly Ash Composite Material (RFCM) for Phosphate Removal

Abstract

In this study, a new red mud/fly ash composite material (RFCM) for phosphate removal was prepared by granulation and activation methods, using bauxite residue (red mud, RM) as the main raw material, adding with some fly ash and a few adhesives. The effects of different types of RM and adhesives on RFCM for phosphate removal were discussed. It was found that RFCM prepared from sintering red mud and cement waste performed better on phosphate removal than that prepared from Bayer red mud and common industrial adhesives. After calcination activated at appropriate temperature around 800–900℃, the specific surface area of RFCM increased, and new substances with hydroxyl (–OH) appeared on the surface of RFCM, which were the functional groups for phosphate removal. Mechanism of RFCM for phosphate removal was speculated as a combination of physical adsorption, chemical adsorption and chemical precipitation, which mainly depended on ligand exchange and chemical reaction. This research will provide a potential application of bauxite residue in environmental remediation.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51602344, 51974314), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. BK20160241) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2014QNA35).

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Correspondence to Yaqin Zhao.

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Zhao, Y., Niu, Z., Zhong, Q. et al. Preparation and Characterization of Red Mud/Fly Ash Composite Material (RFCM) for Phosphate Removal. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 109, 169–179 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-022-03565-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-022-03565-9

Keywords

  • Bauxite residue
  • Red mud
  • Granular material
  • Characterization
  • Phosphate removal