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Lithological controls on arsenic accumulation in cultivated soils: observations from typical karst areas in Central Guizhou, Southwest China


In this study, topsoil and soil profiles were collected from typical karst areas in central Guizhou to investigate the accumulation and bioavailability of As in cultivated soils. The parent material of the investigated soil is carbonate rock, but there is strong heterogeneity in the As concentrations of soils developed in the Permian and Triassic, with average concentrations of 18.31 and 40.35 mg/kg, respectively. Additionally, the average As concentration of dolomite of the Anshun Formation (46.23 mg/kg) is slightly higher than that of the limestone in the Daye Formation (31.96 mg/kg) from the Triassic. Arsenic in the soil profiles of Triassic is also higher than that of the Permian and shows deep enrichment characteristics. Approximately 80% of the As exists as stable crystalline hydrous oxide-bound As and residual As fractions, and the bioavailability is very low.

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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1612442), the High-Level Talent Training Program in Guizhou Province ([2016]5664) and the Talent Introduction Project of Guizhou University (GDRJHZ[2019]19).

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Correspondence to Pan Wu.

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Li, X., Meng, W., Liu, N. et al. Lithological controls on arsenic accumulation in cultivated soils: observations from typical karst areas in Central Guizhou, Southwest China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2022).

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  • Arsenic
  • Accumulation
  • Bioavailability
  • Cultivated soils
  • Geologic lithology