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Evaluation of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons in Surface Sediments of Lagoa Mirim (RS, Brazil)

Abstract

In this study, the hydrocarbons (HCs) levels in sediments from Lagoa Mirim, situated in the south of Brazil, were verified. The methodology brought together stages of pre-sonification, soxhlet extraction, and determination by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Ten sample points were evaluated where ∑n-alkanes varied between 1.46 µg kg−1 ± 4.0% and 10.10 µg kg−1 ± 17.6%. Diagnostic indexes were calculated, being: Carbon Preferential Index (CPI), terrestrial/aquatic ratio (TAR), unresolved complex mixture (UCM), UCM/∑n-alkanes ratio, and n-alkane ratio with Low molecular weight hydrocarbon and High molecular weight hydrocarbons (HMW/LMW). In general, the results of this study indicate a low anthropogenic impact in the environment.

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Fig. 1

Adapted from Lagoa Mirim Agency and Google maps (https://www.google.com.br/maps/@-32.2886769,-52.5632871,10z)

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge FAPERGS and PROPESP - IFSUL for their financial support.

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Correspondence to Pedro José Sanches Filho.

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Arduim, J., da Silva Amaral, M.A.F., Andrade, G.O. et al. Evaluation of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons in Surface Sediments of Lagoa Mirim (RS, Brazil). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 107, 466–474 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03343-z

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Keywords

  • Contamination
  • n-Alkanes
  • Sediments
  • GC/MS