Tannery wastewater is a significant cause of chromium (Cr) contamination in land and water. This study assessed Cr contamination caused by the discharge of tannery wastewater in the Dhaleshwari River and identified possible native plants for phytoremediation of Cr. Water, soil and sediments samples were collected from upstream and downstream of the wastewater discharge channel of Savar tannery industrial estate situated on the bank of the river. Samples of root, stem, leaf and fruit of four selected plants (i.e., Eichhornia crassipes, Xanthium strumarium L., Cynodon dactylon, Croton bonplandianum Baill.) were also collected from those sampling points. The total Cr in acid digested samples were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. High concentrations of Cr were detected in the water, soil and sediment samples collected near the wastewater discharge channel. Of all the plant species, Xanthium strumarium L. exhibited high translocation factors (TF) and bioconcentration factors (BCF) for Cr. Based on the findings of this study Xanthium strumarium L. is preferable as a native species for phytoremediation of Cr.
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This research was funded by the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information & Statistics (BANBEIS), Ministry of Education, Government of Bangladesh. The authors are grateful to the authority of the Institute of National Analytical Research and Service (INARS), Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka, Bangladesh for providing analytical laboratory facilities under an institutional R&D project. Authors acknowledge anonymous reviewers and the editor.
The Authors received fund from the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information & Statistics (BANBEIS), Ministry of Education, Government of Bangladesh, under advanced research in education scheme.
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Hasan, S.M.M., Akber, M.A., Bahar, M.M. et al. Chromium Contamination from Tanning Industries and Phytoremediation Potential of Native Plants: A Study of Savar Tannery Industrial Estate in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 106, 1024–1032 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03262-z
- Leather processing
- Tannery effluent
- Heavy metals
- Bioconcentration factor
- Translocation factor
- Xanthium strumarium L