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Does the Anionic Surfactant Isopropylamine Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate Induce Hepatic Oxidative Stress and Impairment in Carassius auratus gibelio?

Abstract

Isopropylamine dodecylbenzene sulfonate (IDS) is a new kind of anionic surfactant (ANS). To preliminarily evaluate the aquatic toxicity of IDS, this study took gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) as the research object. The well-acclimatized fish were divided into six groups and exposed to 0 mg/L, 0.5 mg/L, 1.0 mg/L, 2.0 mg/L, 4.0 mg/L, or 8.0 mg/L of IDS for 7, 14, 21 or 28 days. Our results showed that the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content of the liver were unaffected by IDS exposure, while glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity was significantly inhibited. Hepatic tissue exhibited pathological damage, characterized by nuclear migration and dissolution and cell boundary blurring. The results suggest that IDS does not cause oxidative stress in the liver, but cause hepatic histopathological damage. GSH-Px can be considered as a biomarker of IDS exposure in gibel carp.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31672287). We sincerely thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions and comments.

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Correspondence to Lunqiang Yuan.

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Zhang, J., Luo, Y., Chen, X. et al. Does the Anionic Surfactant Isopropylamine Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate Induce Hepatic Oxidative Stress and Impairment in Carassius auratus gibelio?. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 107, 487–493 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03248-x

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Keywords

  • Isopropylamine dodecylbenzene sulfonate (IDS)
  • Gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)
  • Antioxidase
  • Toxicology
  • Histopathology