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Occurrences, Potential Sources and Health Impacts of Organochlorine Pesticides in Soil from Wuhan, Central China

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the occurrence, potential sources, human and ecological risks of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soil from Wuhan, central China. The soil samples were collected from twenty-six sites at soil depth of 1–20 cm from three land-use types and analyzed for the presence of eight OCPs. The instrumental analysis was carried out using Gas Chromatography-Electron Capture Detector (GC-ECD). The obtained result ranged from 0.193 to 135.277 ng g−1 with the mean value of 17.337 ng g−1 for ΣHCHs and 2.479 to 987.248 ng g−1 with the mean value of 80.056 ng g−1 for ΣDDTs. The total sum (ΣOCPs) ranged from 5.44 to 994.44 ng g−1 with the mean value of 97.39 ng g−1. p, p′- DDE was the highest OCP (976 ng g−1) detected in the soil followed by p, p′-DDD (287.454 ng g−1). Pearson correlation analysis indicated that there was a significant correlation between individual OCPs, while a weak and negative correlation between OCPs and selected soil properties. Isomeric ratio results indicated that DDTs in the soil came from historical (early use of DDTs) and HCHs originated from the use of lindane. Incremental lifetime cancer risks (ILCR) indicated that HCHs can cause very low risk for adults while, low risks for children and DDTs can cause low risk on adults and high risks on children.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank all members of Pollution Ecology Laboratory for their support during laboratory analysis.

Funding

This research was funded by the Sino-Africa Joint Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, grant number [Y623321K01].

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Correspondence to Ababo Workineh Tadesse.

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Appendix

Appendix

See Tables 8 and 9.

Table 8 Information of sampling site
Table 9 The concentration of individual OCPs (ng g−1) and soil Properties

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Tadesse, A.W. Occurrences, Potential Sources and Health Impacts of Organochlorine Pesticides in Soil from Wuhan, Central China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 107, 296–311 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03245-0

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Keywords

  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • Agricultural soil
  • Risk assessment
  • Solid-phase extraction