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Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Human Breast Milk in the Northern Governorates of Jordan in 2019/2020 Compared with the Results of 2015 Study

Abstract

One hundred and twenty samples of breast milk were collected from five northern governorates and districts in Jordan in 2019 and 2020 to monitor results for organochlorine pesticides as organic contaminants. The results showed that 36 samples (30%) of total 120 analyzed samples were contaminated as follows: 16 samples (13.3%) were contaminated with dieldrin, 4 samples (3.3%) with p,p′-DDE, 4 samples (3.3%) with p,p′-DDD, 8 samples (6.7%) with p,p′-DDT and 4 samples (3.3%) with o,p′-DDE. Comparing results of the current study with those of 2015 study, no residues for the HCHs in 2019/2020 study have been detected, an increase in the DDTs occurred and an increase in the cyclodiens in the 2019/2020 compared to the 2015 study.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Environment for financial support and supervising this study. They also thank Royal Scientific Society for conducting this monitoring study, and the University of Jordan for the help.

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All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by [RK] and [MAA]. The first draft of the manuscript was written by [TMAA] and scientifically checked by [MA]. all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mahmoud A. Alawi.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this study. The protocol of this research project has been approved by a constituted Ethics Committee of the institutions within which the work has been conducted.

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Al Antary, T.M., Alawi, M.A., Kiwan, R. et al. Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Human Breast Milk in the Northern Governorates of Jordan in 2019/2020 Compared with the Results of 2015 Study. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 106, 1071–1076 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03191-x

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Keywords

  • Pesticides residues
  • Breast milk
  • DDTs
  • HCHs
  • Cyclodiens
  • Jordan