Skip to main content

Identification of a New Potential Cd-Accumulator Pterocypsela indica (L.) Shih

Abstract

Three experiments were conducted to investigate the Cd tolerance and accumulation ability of a forage grass, Pterocypsela indica. P. indica accumulated 31.40 and 69.68 mg/kg Cd in roots and shoots, respectively, and plant biomass was unaffected by soil Cd as high as 50 mg/kg. Cd pollution obviously increased the Cd content of the cell wall fraction and decreased that of the soluble fraction in plant roots, but had little effect on the subcellular Cd content in plant shoots. When soil was co-contaminated by 2.29 mg/kg Cd, 526.83 mg/kg Zn, and 595.38 mg/kg Pb, P. indica accumulated 61.63 mg/kg Cd, 4261.00 mg/kg Zn, and 75.27 mg/kg Pb in plant shoots. The results indicated that P. indica mainly detoxified Cd stress by improving the fixation of Cd on the cell wall of plant roots rather than shoots. P. indica is a potential Cd accumulator that has a high phytoremediation efficiency in Cd-Zn-contaminated soil.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Baker AJM (1981) Accumulators and excluders -strategies in the response of plants to heavy metals. J Plant Nutr 3:643–654

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Huang MF, Luo ZR, Zhong SL, Xue SM, Ou YQ, Li SP, Zhong S (2018) Pterocypsela indica ‘Dianxi’, a good forage suitable for planting in tropical regions of South China. Chin J Trop Agric 38(6):64–68

    Google Scholar 

  3. Kuang KR, Lu AM (1978) Solanaceae. In: Hu XX, Qian CS, Chen HY (eds) Flora republicae popularis sinicae, vol 67. Sci Press of China, Beijing, pp 229–230

    Google Scholar 

  4. Lai HY (2015) Subcellular distribution and chemical forms of cadmium in Impatiens walleriana in relation to its phytoextraction potential. Chemosphere 138:370–376

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Li QC, Wang HB, Wang HJ, Wang ZZ, Li Y, Ran JK, Zhang CY (2020) Re-investigation of cadmium accumulation in Mirabilis jalapa L.: evidences from field and laboratory. Environ Sci Pollut R 27:12065–12079

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Liu S, Ali S, Yang R, Tao J, Ren B (2019) A newly discovered Cd-hyperaccumulator Lantana camara L. J Hazard Mater 371:233–242

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lu RK (ed) (2000) Soil agrochemical analysis method. China Agric Sci and Technol Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  8. Mo XX, Siebecker MG, Gou WX, Li L, Li W (2021) A review of cadmium sorption mechanisms on soil mineral surfaces revealed from synchrotron-based X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy: implications for soil remediation. Pedosphere 31(1):11–27

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Mwamba TM, Li L, Gill RA, Islam F, Nawaz A, Ali B, Farooq MA, Lwalaba JL, Zhou W (2016) Differential subcellular distribution and chemical forms of cadmium and copper in Brassica napus. Ecotox Environ Safe 134(1):239–249

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Odoh CK, Zabbey N, Sam K, Eze CN (2019) Status, progress and challenges of phytoremediation—an African scenario. J Environ Manage 237:365–378

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Sarwar N, Imran M, Shaheen MR, Ishaque W, Kamran MA, Matloob A, Rehim A, Hussain S (2017) Phytoremediation strategies for soils contaminated with heavy metals: modifications and future perspectives. Chemosphere 171:710–721

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Summers CF, Bowerman WW, Parsons N, Chao WY, Bridges WC Jr (2014) Lead and cadmium in the blood of nine species of seabirds, marion island, South Africa. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 93:417–422

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. van der Ent A, Baker AJM, Reeves RD, Pollard AJ, Schat H (2012) Hyperaccumulators of metal and metalloid trace elements: facts and fiction. Plant Soil 362:319–334

    Google Scholar 

  14. Wei S, Zhou Q, Mathews S (2008) A newly found cadmium accumulator—Taraxacum mongolicum. J Hazard Mater 159:544–547

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Zhang X, Xia H, Li Z, Zhuang P, Gao B (2010) Potential of four forage grasses in remediation of Cd and Zn contaminated soils. Bioresour Technol 101:2063–2066

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Zhang XF, Xia HP, Li ZA, Zhuang P, Gao B (2011) Identification of a new potential Cd-hyperaccumulator Solanum photeinocarpum by soil seed bank-metal concentration gradient method. J Hazard Mater 189:414–419

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi (Grant No. 2018GXNSFAA138045), the Guangxi Science Technology Major Project (Grant No. GuikeAA17204047), the Program for High Level Innovation Team and Outstanding Scholar of Universities in Guangxi (Grant No. GuiCaiJiaoHan[2018]319), and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFD0800800).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Xingfeng Zhang or Bo Gao.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhang, X., Wu, C., Nie, X. et al. Identification of a New Potential Cd-Accumulator Pterocypsela indica (L.) Shih. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 106, 859–865 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03165-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Pterocypsela indica
  • Cadmium
  • Accumulator
  • Phytoremediation
  • Subcellular distribution