Pesticides to protect crops from pests are subject to rigorous risk assessment before registration in Japan. However, further information needs to be collected regarding the assessment of impacts on the natural environment. In particular, nitrifying bacteria play a role in converting ammonium salts to nitrates in soil. However, there is limited research covering the effects of insecticides on nitrification, despite several fungicides and herbicides have an inhibitory effect on nitrifying bacteria. Therefore, we investigated the effect of pesticides on the nitrification when applied to soil. The application of both pesticides promoted ammonia oxidation, and suppressed nitrite oxidation in a high-concentration treatment of dinotefuran. In addition, it was clarified that the diversity and species richness of soil bacteria was significantly reduced when the pesticides were applied to the soil, and that the specific soil bacteria (Metyhlotenera spp.) dominated the application of the pesticides.
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We thank Catherine Dandie, PhD, from Edanz Group (https://en-author-services.edanzgroup.com/ac) for editing a draft of this manuscript. This research was funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (KAKENHI Grant No. 19K12379).
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Yamaguchi, T., Mahmood, A., Ito, T. et al. Non-target Impact of Dinotefuran and Azoxystrobin on Soil Bacterial Community and Nitrification. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 106, 996–1002 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03163-1
- Ammonium oxidizing bacteria
- Ecotoxicological impact