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Chronic Effects of Bromate on Sexual Reproduction of Freshwater Rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus

Abstract

The effects of potassium bromate (KBrO3), sodium bromate (NaBrO3), and potassium bromide (KBr) on the sexual reproduction of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus were studied by 2-d population growth, 4-d sexual reproduction, and 7-d resting egg production tests. The results showed that low concentrations of bromate promote 2-d and 4-d rotifer population growth, while high concentrations limit it. Bromate stress significantly affected parameters of rotifer sexual reproduction, including the ratio of mictic to amictic females, the mictic rate of rotifers, and the fertilization rate of mictic females. KBrO3 at 0.001, 0.01, 1, and 10 mg/L, NaBrO3 at 1 and 10 mg/L, and KBr at 100 and 200 mg/L significantly increased resting egg production, while KBrO3 at 100 and 200 mg/L, and NaBrO3 at 200 mg/L significantly decreased it. Resting egg production appears to provide a sensitive endpoint in evaluating the effect of bromate on rotifer sexual reproduction.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51978001), the Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation (1808085ME133), the Excellent Youth Talent Support Project of High Education of Anhui Province (gxyq2018023), the Project Funding for Young and Middle-aged Top Talents of Anhui Polytechnic University (2017), and the Key Project of Natural Science Research in Anhui Province (KJ2019A0153).

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Correspondence to Xiaoping Xu.

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Xu, X., Chen, T., Xie, A. et al. Chronic Effects of Bromate on Sexual Reproduction of Freshwater Rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 106, 270–277 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03103-z

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Keywords

  • Bromate
  • Brachionus calyciflorus
  • Population growth rate
  • Sexual reproduction
  • Resting egg production