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Risks Assessment Associated with Different Sources of Metals in Abandoned Soil of Zhuxianzhuang Coal Mine, Huaibei Coalfield (Anhui, China)


In this paper, the 36 topsoil (0–10 cm) samples were collected and the contents of Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd and Pb were analyzed. The results indicated that the contents of Cu and As in all samples exceeded the soil background values of Anhui province, while the Co and Pb contents were lower than the background values. Geo-statistics and positive matrix factorization were applied to identify the sources of soil heavy metals, which were nature factor (15.7%), industrial activities (21.2%), coal mine (50.9%) and traffic emission (12.2%), respectively. The calculation results of health risk model based on positive matrix factorization model showed that coal mine activities accounted for the largest proportion of total source contribution, followed by industrial activities. In addition, compared with adults, the trend of health risk of children from four sources in three lands were same as adults, but their health risk was higher than adults.

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Fig. 1



Heavy metals


Wasteland A


Wasteland B


Farmland C


Positive matrix factorization


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This article is funded by National Training Program of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Undergraduates, National Natural Science Foundation of China (41773100, 41373095), Research Project of Huaibei Mining Group Co. (2020) and Research Project of Wanbei Coal-electricity Group Co. Ltd (2020), and the University Natural Science Research Project of Anhui Province (KJ2017A445).

Author information




HF conceived and wrote this paper; HG revised the manuscript and collected samples; HY, MW and JL provided technical assistance of graphs; YJ, CW, YZ, YH and CC sampled and performed the experiments.

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Correspondence to Herong Gui.

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Fang, H., Gui, H., Li, J. et al. Risks Assessment Associated with Different Sources of Metals in Abandoned Soil of Zhuxianzhuang Coal Mine, Huaibei Coalfield (Anhui, China). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 106, 370–376 (2021).

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  • Abandoned soils
  • Heavy metals
  • Sources analysis
  • Human health risks
  • Zhuxianzhuang coal mine